Examining the Continuum of Coverage Proposals

Linda J. Blumberg, Ph.D., is an institute fellow in the Health Policy Center at the Urban Institute. She is an expert on private health insurance (employer and nongroup), health care financing, and health system reform. Her recent work includes extensive research related to the Affordable Care Act; in particular, providing technical assistance to states, tracking policy decision-making and implementation at the state and federal levels, and interpreting and analyzing the implications of particular policies. Examples of her work include analyses of the implications of congressional proposals to repeal and replace the ACA, delineation of strategies to fix problems associated with the ACA, analysis of the implications of the King v. Burwell  and Texas v. US cases, and several studies of competition in ACA Marketplaces. In addition, Blumberg led the quantitative analysis supporting the development of a Roadmap to Universal Coverage in Massachusetts, a project with her Urban colleagues that informed that state’s comprehensive health reforms in 2006. She serves on the Cancer Policy Institute’s advisory board and has served on the Health Affairs editorial board. From 1993 through 1994, she was a health policy adviser to the Clinton administration during its health care reform effort, and she was a 1996 Ian Axford Fellow in Public Policy. Blumberg received her PhD in economics from the University of Michigan.

Sara R. Collins, Ph.D., is vice president for health care coverage and access at The Commonwealth Fund.  An economist, Dr. Collins directs the Fund’s program on insurance coverage and access. She also directs the Fund’s research initiative on Tracking Health System Performance. Since joining the Fund in 2002, Dr. Collins has led several multi-year national surveys on health insurance and authored numerous reports, issue briefs and journal articles on health insurance coverage, health reform, and the Affordable Care Act. She has provided invited testimony before several Congressional committees and subcommittees. Prior to joining the Fund, Dr. Collins was associate director/senior research associate at the New York Academy of Medicine, Division of Health and Science Policy. Earlier in her career, she was an associate editor at U.S. News & World Report, a senior economist at Health Economics Research, and a senior health policy analyst in the New York City Office of the Public Advocate. She holds an A.B. in economics from Washington University and a Ph.D. in economics from George Washington University.

Philip Ellis, Ph.D., is as an independent consultant on health policy issues and analysis, with clients in the pharmaceutical and insurance industries.  He spent most of his career at the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and served as a leader of CBO’s health team during the debate over the Affordable Care Act in 2009-10 – focusing primarily on estimating the effects of the law’s provisions governing insurance coverage.  In October 2009, the Washington Post said he “may be the most powerful guy you’ve never heard of in the health-care debate.”  Phil’s research and writing has covered a wide range of topics in health care, including health insurance reform, payment reform, Medicare, Medicaid, and prescription drug coverage.  He has worked on health reform and health policy issues at Acumen LLC and UnitedHealth Group, in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at HHS, and at the Treasury Department.  He has a bachelor’s degree from Stanford, a master’s degree in public policy from Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, and a Ph.D. in economics from MIT.

Avik S.A. Roy, M.D., is the president of The Foundation for Research on Equal Opportunity (FREOPP.org), a non-partisan, non-profit think tank that conducts original research on expanding opportunity to those who least have it. Roy’s work has been praised widely on both the right and the left. National Review has called him one of the nation’s “sharpest policy minds,” while the New York Times’ Paul Krugman described him as man of “personal and moral courage.” He has advised three presidential candidates on policy, including Marco Rubio, Rick Perry, and Mitt Romney. Roy was the senior advisor to Perry’s campaign in 2015 as well as the lead author of Gov. Perry’s major policy speeches. The Wall Street Journal called Perry’s address on intergenerational black poverty “the speech of the campaign so far.” Roy also serves as the Policy Editor at Forbes, and manages The Apothecary, the influential Forbes blog on health care policy and entitlement reform. He is a frequent guest on television news programs. Hugh Hewitt has called Roy “the most influential conservative analyst on health care.” NBC’s Chuck Todd, on Meet the Press, said Roy was one “of the most thoughtful guys [who has] been debating” health care reform. Ezra Klein, editor-in-chief of Vox.com, called The Apothecary one of the few “blogs I disagree with [that] I check daily.” Among other titles, Roy is the author of Affordable Health Care for Every Generation: A Patient-Centered Plan for Universal Coverage and Permanent Fiscal Solvency, published by FREOPP in 2019. He serves on the advisory board of the National Institute for Health Care Management, is a Senior Advisor to the Bipartisan Policy Center, and co-chaired the Fixing Veterans Health Care Policy Taskforce. He was born and raised near Detroit, Michigan, and graduated from high school in San Antonio, Texas. USA Today named him to its All-USA High School Academic First Team, honoring the top 20 high school seniors in the country. Roy was educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he studied molecular biology, and the Yale University School of Medicine.

Cori Uccello, MAAA, FSA, MPP, is an actuary and the senior health fellow at the American Academy of Actuaries. She serves as the actuarial profession’s chief public policy liaison on health issues. In this role, she promotes the formulation of sound health policy by providing nonpartisan technical assistance to federal and state policymakers and regulators. Ms. Uccello helped lead the Academy’s efforts to provide guidance to federal and state regulators regarding the implementation of various provisions in the Affordable Care Act, including those related to coverage and market reforms, actuarial value, and risk-sharing mechanisms. Her current work focuses on examining the implications of alternative coverage approaches and proposals to stabilize the market. She served two terms as a commissioner on the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC), was a member of the 2010-2011 Technical Review Panel of the Medicare Trustees Report, and currently serves as a member of CBO’s panel of health advisors and on the technical review panel for CBO’s Health Insurance Simulation Model. She is a graduate of Boston College and received a master’s degree in public policy from Georgetown University.


Sarah J. Dash, MPH, is the president and chief executive officer at the Alliance for Health Policy. She drives the mission and vision of the Alliance, as well as advances and maintains the reputation of the organization as the leading nonpartisan resource for policymakers and health leaders in an evolving health policy environment. Sarah joined the Alliance in 2014 as the vice president for policy and became president and CEO in May 2017. Sarah has long been an influential force in shaping health policy, having served as a senior aide on Capitol Hill and as a member of the research faculty at the Georgetown University Health Policy Institute’s Center on Health Insurance Reforms. Sarah holds a master’s degree in public health from the Yale School of Public Health and a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and literature from MIT. Sarah also holds an Executive Certificate in Nonprofit Management from Georgetown University