Options for Lowering Costs for the Privately Insured

John Holahan, Ph.D., is an institute fellow in the Health Policy Center at Urban, where he previously served as center director for over 30 years. His recent work focuses on health reform, the uninsured, and health expenditure growth, developing proposals for health system reform most recently in Massachusetts. He examines the coverage, costs, and economic impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), including the costs of Medicaid expansion as well as the macroeconomic effects of the law. He has also analyzed the health status of Medicaid and exchange enrollees, and the implications for costs and exchange premiums. Holahan has written on competition in insurer and provider markets and implications for premiums and government subsidy costs as well as on the cost-containment provisions of the ACA. Holahan has conducted significant work on Medicaid and Medicare reform, including analyses on the recent growth in Medicaid expenditures, implications of block grants and swap proposals on states and the federal government, and the effect of state decisions to expand Medicaid in the ACA on federal and state spending. Recent work on Medicare includes a paper on reforms that could both reduce budgetary impacts and improve the structure of the program. His work on the uninsured explores reasons for the growth in the uninsured over time and the effects of proposals to expand health insurance coverage on the number of uninsured and the cost to federal and state governments.

Contact: jholahan@urban.org

Avik Roy is the president of the Foundation for Research on Equal Opportunity (FREOPP.org), a non-partisan, non-profit think tank that conducts original research on expanding opportunity to those who least have it. Roy’s work has been praised widely on both the right and the left. National Review has called him one of the nation’s “sharpest policy minds,” while the New York Times’ Paul Krugman described him as man of “personal and moral courage.” He has advised three presidential candidates on policy, including Marco Rubio, Rick Perry, and Mitt Romney. As the Senior Advisor to Perry’s campaign in 2015, Roy was also the lead author of Gov. Perry’s major policy speeches. The Wall Street Journal called Perry’s address on intergenerational black poverty “the speech of the campaign so far.” Roy also serves as the Policy Editor at Forbes, and manages The Apothecary, the influential Forbes blog on health care policy and entitlement reform. He is a frequent guest on television news programs. Hugh Hewitt has called Roy “the most influential conservative analyst on health care.” NBC’s Chuck Todd, on Meet the Press, said Roy was one “of the most thoughtful guys [who has] been debating” health care reform. Ezra Klein, editor-in-chief of Vox.com, called The Apothecary one of the few “blogs I disagree with [that] I check daily.” Among other titles, Roy is the author of Affordable Health Care for Every Generation: A Patient-Centered Plan for Universal Coverage and Permanent Fiscal Solvency, published by FREOPP in 2019. He serves on the advisory board of the National Institute for Health Care Management, is a Senior Advisor to the Bipartisan Policy Center, and co-chaired the Fixing Veterans Health Care Policy Taskforce. He was born and raised near Detroit, Michigan, and graduated from high school in San Antonio, Texas. USA Today named him to its All-USA High School Academic First Team, honoring the top 20 high school seniors in the country. Roy was educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he studied molecular biology, and the Yale University School of Medicine.

Contact: aroy@freopp.org

Emily Stewart is the executive director of Community Catalyst. In this role, Emily oversees the overall direction of Community Catalyst’s work to empower consumer voices in health and health care decision-making. She is responsible for the strategic, programmatic, financial and operational leadership of the organization, as well as for its 501 (c) 4 affiliate, the Community Catalyst Action Fund. Emily brings more than two decades of health care advocacy, campaign, and organizing experience to this role. Most recently, Emily served as the Vice President of Public Policy for Planned Parenthood Federation of America and Planned Parenthood Action Fund, where she led some of Planned Parenthood’s most impactful strategic initiatives and campaigns to protect and expand access to sexual and reproductive health care, including the I Stand with Planned Parenthood (ISWPP) campaign to defeat efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and “defund” Planned Parenthood. Emily oversaw Planned Parenthood’s ACA implementation advocacy, including the successful effort to guarantee no co-pay coverage for birth control for 60 million women in America. A recognized health care policy, finance, and delivery expert, Emily also led Planned Parenthood’s work to ensure the unique health care needs of people of reproductive age were being met, especially as the health care system undergoes sweeping change. Prior to her work at Planned Parenthood, Emily managed health policy and advocacy initiatives for a range of progressive organizations focused on advancing people’s health and rights. She lives in Boston, Massachusetts with her husband. Community Catalyst works to ensure consumer interests are represented wherever important decisions about health and the health system are made: in communities, courtrooms, statehouses and on Capitol Hill.

Contact: estewart@communitycatalyst.org